Precision farming is a method of improving efficiency, profitability and productivity in the field, reducing environmental impacts. In Brazil, it began to be introduced in the 1990s with the technologies of machines with GPS receivers and generation of productivity maps. Today, it allows the production of rotated crops and can be used in all production chains of the agricultural sector, with solutions adapted to the reality of each producer.
The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) also contributes to the development of Precision Agriculture in the country by means of the organization of a Research Network, with over 200 researchers and 19 Research Units and several collaborators from universities, research institutes and companies. The Precision Agriculture Network has 15 experimental areas distributed in the Northeast, Centre-West, Southeast and South of the country, covering annual crops (corn, soy, wheat, irrigated rice and cotton), perennial crops (eucalyptus, grapes, pasture, sugarcane, orange, apple and peach), in addition to experiments in the area of precision zootechnics.